Protection of Flora

Healthy, functioning and resilient environments are our best defence against a changing climate. Protected areas build resilience by controlling other habitat threats such as weeds and feral animals, by managing water resources and regenerating vegetation. It forms a buffer against the impacts of climate change, providing refuges for species to survive and adapt, reducing the extinction risk for our native species. We plant trees every year and continue to support previous planting for successful reforestation.

Significant Flora to Wild Mountains

Flora species identified as having special significance under Nature Conservation Act 1992:

A rainforest vine - Clematis fawcettii - Vulnerable

A rainforest vine - Callerya australis - Rare

A ground orchid - Helmholtzia glaberrima - Rare

Supplementary flora surveys may be undertaken by Council into the future to add to the current Flora List.

Protection of Vegetation & Habitat Values (Tree Removal)

All native and local flora species found in the Wild Mountains Nature Refuge are protected.  Native species introduced from outside of their normal range are not protected and may be removed.

Large habitat trees will be especially protected.  Much of Australia’s fauna depends on tree hollows for shelter or nesting.  Dead trees will be left standing if safe to do so, as they provide an abundance of hollows and many birds use them for perching. Trees suitable for local construction purposes would be expected to be sourced from areas outside of the Wild Mountains Nature Refuge.

Identified Rare and Threatened flora species are monitored. Special projects are undertaken from time to time on the recovery of these species.  It is expected that Wild Mountains will continue to actively participate in any recovery initiatives.  Special arrangements for propagation may be required for these rare species, see below.

Seed Collection

We collect seed from the Wild Mountains Nature Reserve to rehabilitate areas that are disturbed by human activity or invasive weeds for a number of reasons.  Seed collect ed from the Wild Mountains Nature Reserve  has greater chance of resilience in this environment. Also we protect the bioregional diversity  specific to this area with seeds from the area and avoid  introduction of non local soils, nematoads and fungi with use of soils from the property .

Seeds for regional use may be collected from any common species in the covenant area in small quantities and not in commercial quantities.  Collection of seeds will be in accordance with current legislation and codes, especially for Rare and Threatened species.

Species observed on property of  Wild Mountains, Lever's Plateau, Via Rathdowney on 18th June,1992.

* These are some of the species which contribute to the World Heritage Significance of the Scenic Rim. This listing is not exhaustive and several other species recorded from the site are likely to be significant from these perspectives also.

** Species observed by by John Hunter NSW PWS in 1990.

*** Species observed by others over a ten year period.

# Exotic Species. These are concentrated in fire degraded areas of the ecotonal forests.

Acacia melanoxylon

Acmena ingens

Acmena smithii

Acronychia  laevis

Acronychia oblongifolia

Acronychia  pubescens

Acronychia suberosa

Actephila lindleyi

Adiantum cunninghamii

*** Adiantum hispidulum

Ailanthus triphysa

Alangium villosum

Alchornea ilicifolia

** Alectryon  subcinereus

Alocaisia brisbaniensis

Alphitonia excelsa

Alpinia arundinella

Alpinia coerulea

Alyxia ruscifolia

Anopterus macleayanus

*** Aphanopetalatum resinosum

Archontophoenix cunninghamii

* Argyrodendron actinophyllum

* Argyrodendron trifoliolatum

Arthropteris beckleri

Arthropteris tenella

* Araucaria cunninghamii

* Arytera distylis

* Arytera divaricata

Asplenium australianum

Austromyrtus acmenoides

Austrosteenisia blackii

* Baloghia inophylla

*** Baloghia lucida

*** Bauerella simplicfolia

** Beilschmiedia  elliptica

* Beilschmiedia obtusifolia

Benthamina alyxifolia

# Bidens pilosa

Boehmeria plaj~vpltylla

* Brachychiton acerifolius

* Brachychiton discolor

** Brachychiton populneus

Breynia oblongifolia

** Bulbophyllum exigium

Calanthe triplicata

*** Casuarina torulosa

* Caldcluvia paniculosa

Canthium sp.

Capparis arborea

Carrisa ovata

Casaurina torulosa

Cassine australe

Cayratia eurynema

Celastrus subspiCatus

Cephalaralia cephalobotrys

Chilloglottis sp.

** Cinnamomum oliveri

Cirsium vulgare

Cissus antarctica

Cissus hypoglauca

Cissus penninervis

Citriobatus pauciflorus

Citronella moorei

Claoxylon australe

Cleistanthus cunninghamii

Clematis fawcettii

Clematis glycinoides

Clerodendrum floribundum

Cordyline petiolaris

Cordyline stricta

# Crossocephalun crepidioides

Croton acronychioides

** Croton verreauxii

* Cryptocarya erythroxylon

* Cryptocarya glaucescens

* Cryptocarya obovata

* Cryptocarya triplinervis

Culcita dubia

Capaniopsis flagelliformis

Cyathea cooperi

Cyathea leichhiardtiana

Cynoglossum australe

* Daphnandra sp.

** Davallia pyxidata

Decaspermum humile

*** Dendrobium aemulum

Dendrobium asplenium

** Dendrobium  beckleri

Dendrobium gracilicaule

Dendrobium pugioniforme

Dendrobium schoenium

*** Dendrobium speciosum

Dendrobium tarberi

Dendrobium teretifolium

Dendrobium tetragonum

Dendrocnide excelsa

Dendrocnide photinophylla

Denhanda pittosporoides

Derris involuta

*** Dianella revoluta

Dichotuira repens

Dictymia brownii

Digitaria sp.

Dioscorea transversa

* Diospyros australis

* Diospyros pentamera

** Dipliglottis australis

Doodia aspera 

* Dorpyphora sassafras

Drypetes australasica

Duboisia myoporoides

Dysoxylum fraseranum

Dysoxylum rufum

** Ehretia acuminata

Elaeocarpus kirtonii

Elaeocarpus obovatus

Elallostachys nervosa

Elattostemma reticulatum

Elattostemma stipitatum

Embelia australiana

Emmenosperma alphitonioides

Entolasia stricta

# Erechtites valerianifolia

*** Eucalyptus acmenoides

Eucalyptus andrewsii ssp. Campanulata

Eucalyptus biturbinata

Eucalyptus grandis

*** Eucalyptus saligna

*** Eucalyptus intermedia

*** Eucalyptus melliodora

*** Eucalyptus microcorys

*** Eucalyptus punctata var. didyama

*** Eucalyptus tessellaris

** Euodia micrococca

# Eupatorium adenophorum

# Eupatorium riparium

* Eupomatia bennettii

* Eupomatia laurina

Euroschinus falcatus

Ficus coronata

Ficus macrophylla

Ficus virens

Ficus watkinsiana

*** Flindersia australis

Gahnia sieberana

*** Geijera latifolia

Geijera salicifolia

* Geissois benthamii

Geitenoplesium cymosum

Geranium solanderi

Gmelina leichardtii

*** Grevillea robusta

* Guilfoylia monostylis

Guioa semiglauca

Gymnostachys anceps

Halfordia kendack

*** Hardenbergia violacea

Harpullia hillii

* Hedycarya  angustifolia

* Helicia glabriflora

*** Helichrysum sp

Helmholtzia glaberrimus

Hodgkinsonia ovatiflora

# Hypochoeris radicans

Hydrocotyle pedicellosa

Hydrocotyle peducularis

Hydrocotyle sp. nov.

*** Hymenosporum flavum

Imperata cylindrica

Jagera pseudorhus

*** Kennedia rubicunda

Lastreopsis sp.

Legnephora moorei

Lepidosperma laterale

Linospadix monostachys

* Litsea reliculata

Lomandra longifolia

Lomandra spicata

Lophostemon confertus

Malaisia scandens

Mallotus claoxyloides

Mallotus philippensis

Marsdenia rostrata

Melicope micrococca

Melodinus australis

Milletia megasperma

Mischocarpus australis

Myrsine porosa

Myrsine variabilis

Neolitsea australiensis

Neolitsea dealbala

*** Neolitsea cassia

Notalea longifolia'

Nyssanthes diffusa

*** Olearia nernstii

Ornalanthus nitans

Oplismenus imbecilis

* Orites excelsa

Orthothylax glaberrimus

* Palmeria scandens

Pandorea jasmenoides

Pandorea pandorea

Pararchidendron pruinosum

Parsonsia fulva

Pellea paradoxa

Pennantia cunninnghamii

# Pennisetum clandestinum

Pentaceras australis

Physalis peruviana

# Phytolacca octandra

Piper nova hollandiae

Pipturus argenteus

*** Pittosporum revolutum

* Pittosporum undulatum

*** Planchonella australis

Platycerium bifurcatum

Plarycerium superbum

Plectranthus sp.

Poa labillardieri

Pollia crispata

Polyosma cunninghamii

Polyscias elegans

Polyscias murrayi

Polyscias sambucifolius

Pothos longipes

Pratia purpurascens

Premna lignum-vitae

Pseuderanthemum variabile

Pseudorarapa nitidula

Psychotria daphnoides

Psychotria loniceroides

Psychotria simmondsiana

** Rapanea subsessilis

Rawenhoffia leichhardtii

Rhodamnia argentea

Rhodamnia rubescens

Rhodomyrtus psidioides

Rhynchosia acuminatissima

Ripogonum album

Ripogonum elseyanum

# Rubus moluccanus

Rubus moorei

Rubus sp. aff. moorei

Rubus parviflorus

Rubus rosifolius

Sarcochilus falcatus

Sarcomelicope simplicifolia

Sarcopteryx stipitata

Scolopia braunii

*** Scenecio amygdalifolius

Sigesbeckia orientalis

* Sloanea australis

* Sloanea woollsii

Smilax australis

Solanum aviculare

Solanum inaequilaterale

# Solanum mauritianum

Solanum stelligerum

Sporobolus elongatus

* Stenocarpus salignus

* Stenocarpus sinuatus

*** Stephania japonica var. discolor

Streblus brunonianus

*** Swansonia galegifolia

Symplocos cochinchinensis

Synoum glandulosum

Syzygium australe

Syzygium crebrinerve

Syzygium francisii

* Tasmannia insipida

*** Themeda triandra

Toona australis

Tristaniopsis laurina

Trochocarpa laurina

Typhonium brownii

Urtica incisa

Viola betonicifolia

*** Wedelia spilanthoides

Wikstroemia indica

* Wilkea austroqueenslandica

* Wilkea huegeliana

* Wilkea macrophylla

Xanthorrhoea glauca

Zanthoxylum brachyacanthum

Zehneria cunninghamii

Zieria smithii

251 species